Recognizing Dandy’s Contributions on His Birthday

Dear Colleagues,

Professor Walter E. Dandy was born on April 6th, 1886, in the small town of Sedalia, Missouri, only two short hours from where I sit as I write this commentary. From humble beginnings, with immigrant parents, the young Walter completed both his high school (class valedictorian) and undergraduate education in the state of Missouri. He went on to attend the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, where he completed his residency training and his subsequent pioneering work in neurological surgery.

As we recognize his birthday, I would like to provide, based on my review of his work, a conceptual categorization of his lifetime contributions to our field:

Focus


 

Dandy chose to study and operate on the brain. This would have been considered highly super specialized for his time.

Mastery of Neuroanatomy


 

Dandy early on recognized that to be ​skilled as a surgeon operating on the brain, he must master the anatomy of the brain.

Drawing made by Dandy illustrating the blood supply of the pituitary gland. Of historical note, this was a project given to Dandy by Harvey Cushing.
Drawing made by Dandy illustrating the blood supply of the pituitary gland. Of historical note, this was a project given to Dandy by Harvey Cushing.

Research


 

Dandy believed and practiced the concept that to be a neurosurgeon, one must be a consummate researcher.

Creating internal hydrocephalus in dogs allowed Dandy, working alongside Kenneth Blackfan, to elucidate how CSF flowed.
Creating internal hydrocephalus in dogs allowed Dandy, working alongside Kenneth Blackfan, to elucidate how CSF flowed.

Clinical Expertise


 

Dandy believed in developing specialized teams to improve the patient’s outcomes. Based on my review, it appears he developed the first ICU in neurosurgery.

Dandy with members of his "Brain Team."
Dandy with members of his “Brain Team.”

Surgical Skill


 

Dandy believed to perform neurosurgery, one must continually improve his surgical abilities.

Drawing of trigonal AVM by Dandy reflecting his depth of lesion understanding and the surgical skill needed to approach such a lesion
Drawing of trigonal AVM by Dandy reflecting his depth of lesion understanding and the surgical skill needed to approach such a lesion

Dandy-Birthday-diagram-web

It is not a coincidence that the mission of the Dandy society (improving patient outcomes in neurological surgery) is in concordance with the vision for our field as seen by Professor Dandy. My proposed model for the training and practice of neurosurgery Fork in the Road Editorial incorporates Dandy’s vision for the future growth and development of this specialty.

It makes us very proud that by creating the Walter E. Dandy Neurosurgical Society, a whole new generation of neurosurgeons worldwide are coming to know him and appreciating his monumental contributions to our specialty. I was especially touched having observed a number of neurosurgeons and residents make presentations about the works and the contributions of Professor Walter E. Dandy at Dandy meetings worldwide over the last three years.

Abdulrauf_Office_of_Pres

Saleem I Abdulrauf, MD, FACS
President
Walter E. Dandy Neurosurgical Society​

References:

1. Dandy, W. (1987). The Brain. Birmingham, AL: The Classics of Neurology & Neurosurgery Library.

2. Marmaduke, M. (2002). Walter Dandy: The Personal Side of a Premier Neurosurgeon (I. Awad & E. Laws, Eds.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Dandy Saudi Arabia Chapter Inaugeration

January 13-15, 2014 – Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Group-with-logos
Neurosurgery Residents from throughout the Kingdom attended the inaugural meeting.
Meeting leadership: (L-R) Prof. Abdulrahman Al Anazi, Chairman, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Dammam & Chair of the Saudi Dandy Chapter; Prof. Abdullah Al Rubaish, President, University of Dammam; Prof. Saleem Abdulrauf, President, Walter E. Dandy Neurosurgical Society; Prof. Basil Sheikh, Vice-President for the Academic Affairs, University of Dammam; Prof. Ali Sultan, Dean, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, and Prof. Ahmed Ammar, Professor of Neurosurgery, University of Dammam
Meeting leadership: (L-R) Prof. Abdulrahman Al Anazi, Chairman, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Dammam & Chair of the Saudi Dandy Chapter; Prof. Abdullah Al Rubaish, President, University of Dammam; Prof. Saleem Abdulrauf, President, Walter E. Dandy Neurosurgical Society; Prof. Basil Sheikh, Vice-President for the Academic Affairs, University of Dammam; Prof. Ali Sultan, Dean, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, and Prof. Ahmed Ammar, Professor of Neurosurgery, University of Dammam
Professor Abdulrauf, Dandy President, and Professor Sultan, Dean, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, signed the collaborative agreement which will include education, research, and exchange programs
Professor Abdulrauf, Dandy President, and Professor Sultan, Dean, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, signed the collaborative agreement which will include education, research, and exchange programs
Presidential Address: Dr. Abdulrauf delivered a speech emphasizing the patient outcome-centric subspecialty model for the future training and practice of neurosurgery.
Presidential Address: Dr. Abdulrauf delivered a speech emphasizing the patient outcome-centric subspecialty model for the future training and practice of neurosurgery.

Dandy India Chapter Inauguration

January 10 – 11, 2014
Chennai, India

The Dandy India Chapter Inaugural Meeting was held in Chennai, India last week. The meeting was attended by over 200 residents and young neurosurgeons. Some of India's premier neurosurgeons were invited to deliver special lectures.
The Dandy India Chapter Inaugural Meeting was held in Chennai, India last week. The meeting was attended by over 200 residents and young neurosurgeons. Some of India’s premier neurosurgeons were invited to deliver special lectures.
The Dandy India Chapter Inaugural Meeting opening ceremony featured an elegant traditional Indian dance, each segment of which represented the various regions of India
The Dandy India Chapter Inaugural Meeting opening ceremony featured an elegant traditional Indian dance, each segment of which represented the various regions of India
Professor Ghosh is seen here honoring the Dandy President in keeping with the ancient Indian tradition of presenting a dignitary/guest with a Vastram (shawl). This was part of the traditional Indian ceremony of lighting five candles, Panch-Mahabhutas.
Professor Ghosh is seen here honoring the Dandy President in keeping with the ancient Indian tradition of presenting a dignitary/guest with a Vastram (shawl). This was part of the traditional Indian ceremony of lighting five candles, Panch-Mahabhutas.
The Inaugural Dandy India Chapter Meeting Leadership: Professors Ghosh (India Chapter Chairman), Abdulrauf (Dandy President), Pande (2014 India Annual Meeting Chairman), and at the podium Professor Goel (India Chapter Secretary)
The Inaugural Dandy India Chapter Meeting Leadership: Professors Ghosh (India Chapter Chairman), Abdulrauf (Dandy President), Pande (2014 India Annual Meeting Chairman), and at the podium Professor Goel (India Chapter Secretary)
Professor TS Kanaka (seen here seated between the Dandy President and the Dandy India Chapter Chairman) was born in Chennai, India in 1932 and went on to become one of the early pioneers of stereotactic neurosurgery. She was the first female neurosurgeon in the continent of Asia, and is recognized to be one of the first female neurosurgeons in the world.
Professor TS Kanaka (seen here seated between the Dandy President and the Dandy India Chapter Chairman) was born in Chennai, India in 1932 and went on to become one of the early pioneers of stereotactic neurosurgery. She was the first female neurosurgeon in the continent of Asia, and is recognized to be one of the first female neurosurgeons in the world.

Dandy Officers express their appreciation to the Dandy India Chapter Officers for a highly successful inaugural meeting:

Chapter Chairman: Prof. Siddhartha Ghosh
Indian Ambassadors to the Dandy Assembly:
Prof. Sanjay Bihari
Prof. AK Singh
Secretary: Prof. Atul Goel
Treasurer: Prof. Sandip Chatterjee

Indonesia Dandy Symposium for Young Neurosurgeons

January 7 – 8, 2014
Bandung, Indonesia

Dandy sponsored a 2-day Neurosurgery Training Symposium that was attended by young neurosurgeons and residents. The Dandy President, Saleem Abdulrauf, is pictured seated between Professors Beny Atmadja Wirjomartani and Kahdar Wiriadisastra, MD, PhD, two of the pioneers of neurosurgery in Indonesia. Also pictured in the front row is Prof. Suzy Indharty, MD, PhD, Indonesia's first female Department of Neurosurgery Chair.
Dandy sponsored a 2-day Neurosurgery Training Symposium that was attended by young neurosurgeons and residents. The Dandy President, Saleem Abdulrauf, is pictured seated between Professors Beny Atmadja Wirjomartani and Kahdar Wiriadisastra, MD, PhD, two of the pioneers of neurosurgery in Indonesia. Also pictured in the front row is Prof. Suzy Indharty, MD, PhD, Indonesia’s first female Department of Neurosurgery Chair.
The Dandy President, Dr. Abdulrauf, visited the Neurosurgical Unit at Hasan Sadikin Hospital in Bandung. Hasan Sadikin is the main training site of the Universitas Padjadjaran neurosurgery program, one of the largest and most historical neurosurgical training programs in Indonesia. Pictured is the Dandy President with the neurosurgery residents of Bandung.
The Dandy President, Dr. Abdulrauf, visited the Neurosurgical Unit at Hasan Sadikin Hospital in Bandung. Hasan Sadikin is the main training site of the Universitas Padjadjaran neurosurgery program, one of the largest and most historical neurosurgical training programs in Indonesia. Pictured is the Dandy President with the neurosurgery residents of Bandung.
The Dandy President inspected the future site (under construction) of the Hands-On Neurosurgical Training Laboratory at the Padjadjaran University. In collaboration with Dandy, this lab is envisioned to serve as a regional training site for South-East Asia.
The Dandy President inspected the future site (under construction) of the Hands-On Neurosurgical Training Laboratory at the Padjadjaran University. In collaboration with Dandy, this lab is envisioned to serve as a regional training site for South-East Asia.

The Dandy Officers acknowledge Dr. M. Zafrullah Arfin, MD, PhD, the Chairman of the Neurosurgery Department at the University of Padjadjaran, for the highly successful first Dandy Symposium in Indonesia.

Neurosurgery at a Fork in the Road for the Second Time in 100 Years: An Editorial

Neurosurgery at a Fork in the Road for the Second Time in 100 Years: An Editorial

cushing100 years ago, Harvey Cushing, faced with an unacceptable rate of mortality from neurosurgical procedures, took the courageous step of separating neurosurgery from the field of surgery to improve outcomes. He was heavily criticized for this step by some surgeons of the time.

100 years later, based again on the issue of outcomes,

NEUROSURGERY FINDS ITSELF AT A FORK IN THE ROAD ONCE AGAIN

01_pres_message

02_pres_message-3

02b_pres_message

03_pres_message

04_pres_message

05_pres_message

09_pres_message 06_pres_message

06b_pres_message

07_pres_message

08_pres_message

09_pres_message

On this, the 3rd anniversary of the founding of the Dandy Society, I share the above model with you, my colleagues, neurosurgeons around the world. May we all continue to seek to develop our field and improve the outcomes of our patients worldwide.

Sincerely,

SignatureDrA

Saleem I. Abdulrauf, MD, FACS
President
Walter E. Dandy Neurosurgical Society

Abdulrauf_Office_of_Pres

[upside_button class=”kopa-button navy-button small-button kopa-button-icon” link=”http://wedns.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Neurosurgery-at-a-fork-in-the-road.pdf” target=””] To obtain a printable version click here[/upside_button]

References:

  1. Adult cardiac surgery in New York State report Available at:http://www.health.ny.gov/statistics/diseases/cardiovascular/heart_disease/docs/2008-2010_adult_cardiac_surgery.
  2. Barker FG, Curry WT, Carter BS. Surgery for primary supratentorial brain tumors in the United States, 1988 to 2000: the effect of provider caseload and centralization of care. Neuro-oncology. 2005;7(1):49-63.
  3. Calvet D, Mas JL, Algra A, Becquemin JP, Bonati LH, Dobson J, Fraedrich G, Jansen O, Mali WP, Ringleb PA, Chatellier G, Brown MM, Calvet D, Mas JL, Algra A, Becquemin JP, Bonati LH, Dobson J, Fraedrich G, Jansen O, Mali WP, Ringleb PA, Chatellier G, Brown MM, Algra A, Becquemin JP, Chatellier G, Mas JL, Fraedrich G, Ringleb PA, Jansen O, Brown MM. Carotid stenting: is there an operator effect? A pooled analysis from the carotid stenting trialists’ collaboration. Stroke. 2014;45(2):527-32.
  4. Chassin MR. Achieving and sustaining improved quality: lessons from New York State and cardiac surgery. Health Aff (Millwood). 2002;21(4):40-51.
  5. Clement RC, Carr BG, Kallan MJ, Wolff C, Reilly PM, Malhotra NR. Volume-outcome relationship in neurotrauma care. J Neurosurg. 2013;118(3):687-93.
  6. Cross DT, Tirschwell DL, Clark MA, Tuden D, Derdeyn CP, Moran CJ, Dacey RG. Mortality rates after subarachnoid hemorrhage: variations according to hospital case volume in 18 states. J Neurosurg. 2003;99(5):810-7.
  7. Dasenbrock HH, Clarke MJ, Witham TF, Sciubba DM, Gokaslan ZL, Bydon A. The impact of provider volume on the outcomes after surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis. Neurosurgery. 2012;70(6):1346-53.
  8. Englot DJ, Ouyang D, Wang DD, Rolston JD, Garcia PA, Chang EF. Relationship between hospital surgical volume, lobectomy rates, and adverse perioperative events at US epilepsy centers. J Neurosurg. 2013;118(1):169-74.
  9. Hannan EL, Siu AL, Kumar D, Kilburn H, Chassin MR. The decline in coronary artery bypass graft surgery mortality in New York State. The role of surgeon volume. JAMA. 1995;273(3):209-13.
  10. Mathew RK, O’Kane R, Parslow R, Stiller C, Kenny T, Picton S, Chumas PD. Comparison of survival between the UK and US after surgery for most common pediatric CNS tumors. Neuro-Oncology. 2014;16(8):1137-45.
  11. Mclaughlin N, Laws ER, Oyesiku NM, Katznelson L, Kelly DF. Pituitary centers of excellence. Neurosurgery. 2012;71(5):916-24.
  12. Peterson ED, Delong ER, Jollis JG, Muhlbaier LH, Mark DB. The effects of New York’s bypass surgery provider profiling on access to care and patient outcomes in the elderly. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998;32(4):993-9.
  13. Prabhakaran S, Fonarow GC, Smith EE, Liang L, Xian Y, Neely M, Peterson ED, Schwamm LH. Hospital case volume is associated with mortality in patients hospitalized with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery. 2014;75(5):500-8.
  14. Smith ER, Butler WE, Barker FG. Craniotomy for resection of pediatric brain tumors in the United States, 1988 to 2000: effects of provider caseloads and progressive centralization and specialization of care. Neurosurgery. 2004;54(3):553-63.
  15. Solomon RA, Mayer SA, Tarmey JJ. Relationship between the volume of craniotomies for cerebral aneurysm performed at New York state hospitals and in-hospital mortality. Stroke. 1996;27(1):13-7.

Neurosurgery Loses a Leader: Professor Atos Alves de Sousa

Atos-de-SousaIt is with deep sadness that we must report to you that Professor Atos Alves de Sousa passed away this last Sunday from a heart attack at age 66.

He was a loving husband, father, grandfather, and a mentor to a whole generation of neurosurgeons in Brazil.

The Dandy Society will dedicate its highest honor posthumously, the Dandy 2014 Medal, to Professor Atos Alves de Sousa.
He was a giant among men and he was a giant among neurosurgeons. He will be missed.

“To me he was a friend, and he was a trusted advisor during the tumultuous time that marked the inception of the Dandy Society. I am honored to say that he was one of the founding members of our Society.”
-Professor Saleem I. Abdulrauf MD FACS
President
Walter E. Dandy Neurosurgical Society

Dandy European Microanastomosis Lab Inauguration

December 14, 2013
Madrid, Spain

Dandy sponsored residents from 5 countries to attend its inaugural European Microanastomosis Training Symposium.
Dandy sponsored residents from 5 countries to attend its inaugural European Microanastomosis Training Symposium.
Professor Jorge Mura, Dandy Chile Chapter Officer, demonstrated microsurgical clipping of an aneurysm in a live, anesthetized pig. Aneurysms were created in the carotid artery of the animal based on a model developed by Professors González-Llanos and Roda Frade (Co-Directors of the Dandy European Microanastomosis Laboratory). Anesthesia was provided by a veterinary anesthesiologist.
Professor Jorge Mura, Dandy Chile Chapter Officer, demonstrated microsurgical clipping of an aneurysm in a live, anesthetized pig. Aneurysms were created in the carotid artery of the animal based on a model developed by Professors González-Llanos and Roda Frade (Co-Directors of the Dandy European Microanastomosis Laboratory). Anesthesia was provided by a veterinary anesthesiologist.
Residents, Dr. Jason Paluzzi (Florida, USA) and Fernando Alonso (Ohio, USA), seen practicing a microsurgical clipping of an aneurysm in a live, anesthetized animal model.
Residents, Dr. Jason Paluzzi (Florida, USA) and Fernando Alonso (Ohio, USA), seen practicing a microsurgical clipping of an aneurysm in a live, anesthetized animal model.
Residents, Dr. Raphael Martínez Pérez (Madrid, Spain) and Dr. Andrie Giovanni (Bucharest, Romania), seen performing a microanastomosis in a live, anesthetized rat model.
Residents, Dr. Raphael Martínez Pérez (Madrid, Spain) and Dr. Andrie Giovanni (Bucharest, Romania), seen performing a microanastomosis in a live, anesthetized rat model.
At the official inauguration ceremony of the European Microanastomosis Laboratory on December 14, 2013 (held in Madrid, Spain), Professor Abdulrauf (Dandy President) acknowledged Professor González-Llanos (Dandy Vice President) for his yeoman’s work in the establishment of one of the best microanastomosis labs in the world.
At the official inauguration ceremony of the European Microanastomosis Laboratory on December 14, 2013 (held in Madrid, Spain), Professor Abdulrauf (Dandy President) acknowledged Professor González-Llanos (Dandy Vice President) for his yeoman’s work in the establishment of one of the best microanastomosis labs in the world.

In addition to Dandy Continental Hands-On Cadaveric Laboratories, our President is in the process of establishing continental microanastomosis laboratories for resident training. It is his belief that microanastomosis training is highly valuable because it develops confidence in performing skills required for all neurosurgical procedures.​

Dandy Egypt Chapter Inauguration

December 3, 2013
Cairo, Egypt

egypt-chapter
Dr. Abdulrauf conducted a full-day Dandy symposium on principles of neurosurgical anatomy attended by over 200 senior residents and young neurosurgeons from throughout Egypt (pictured are Visiting Professors and Members of the Department of Neurosurgery at Cairo University).
Dr. Abdulrauf served as an external examiner for Egypt’s 2-day oral neurosurgery board examination held at Cairo University.  (Pictured is Dr. Abdulrauf (top right) examining a candidate (pictured left of Dr. Abdulrauf), along with a group of senior Professors of Neurosurgery from Egypt).  Dr. Abdulrauf commented the examination of the candidates was “detailed and fair”.
Dr. Abdulrauf served as an external examiner for Egypt’s 2-day oral neurosurgery board examination held at Cairo University. (Pictured is Dr. Abdulrauf (top right) examining a candidate (pictured left of Dr. Abdulrauf), along with a group of senior Professors of Neurosurgery from Egypt). Dr. Abdulrauf commented the examination of the candidates was “detailed and fair”.
Professor Hussein Khairy, Dean of Faculty of Medicine at Cairo University, signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Department of Neurosurgery at Saint Louis University. Professor Philip Alderson, Dean of Saint Louis University School of Medicine, signed the memorandum in St. Louis (not pictured). This memorandum established a collaboration between the two departments for education and research, allowing an exchange program for residents.
Professor Hussein Khairy, Dean of Faculty of Medicine at Cairo University, signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Department of Neurosurgery at Saint Louis University. Professor Philip Alderson, Dean of Saint Louis University School of Medicine, signed the memorandum in St. Louis (not pictured). This memorandum established a collaboration between the two departments for education and research, allowing an exchange program for residents.
The first graduate of the Saint Louis University Department of Neurosurgery Global Young Neurosurgeons Leadership Development Program, Dr. Ehab Ali (center right), was presented the Fellowship Certificate by Dr. Abdulrauf (center left).  Also pictured are Professor Elgohary (far left), Chairman of the Department of Neurosurgery at Cairo University, and Professor Khairy (far right), Dean of Faculty of Medicine at Cairo University.
The first graduate of the Saint Louis University Department of Neurosurgery Global Young Neurosurgeons Leadership Development Program, Dr. Ehab Ali (center right), was presented the Fellowship Certificate by Dr. Abdulrauf (center left). Also pictured are Professor Elgohary (far left), Chairman of the Department of Neurosurgery at Cairo University, and Professor Khairy (far right), Dean of Faculty of Medicine at Cairo University.

The first graduate of the Saint Louis University Department of Neurosurgery Global Young Neurosurgeons Leadership Development Program, Dr. Ehab Ali (center right), was presented the Fellowship Certificate by Dr. Abdulrauf (center left). Also pictured are Professor Elgohary (far left), Chairman of the Department of Neurosurgery at Cairo University, and Professor Khairy (far right), Dean of Faculty of Medicine at Cairo University.

As part of the Dandy Africa Initiative, the Department of Neurosurgery at Cairo University has generously agreed to serve as one of the training centers for neurosurgeons from Sub-Saharan Africa. ​

Dandy Officers extend their gratitude to the Dandy Egypt Chapter Officers for their tremendous efforts:
prof-Hossam-El-HuseinyChapter Chairman: Prof. Hossam El Huseiny (President of the Egyptian Society of Neurological Surgeons (ESNS) & Chairman, Department of Neurosurgery Ain Shams University)

Egypt’s Ambassadors to the Dandy Assembly:
Prof. Mostafa Khotb (General Secretary of the ESNS)
Prof. Ezzat Abdel Khalik
Secretary: Prof. Khaled Al Bahy
Treasurer: Prof. Ahmed Salah ​

We would like to extend our sincere thanks to Dr. Mohamed El Beltagy for all his tremendous efforts that led to the success of this meeting.​

BeltagyDr. Mohamed El Beltagy
(Neurosurgeon-In-Chief, Children’s Cancer Hospital Egypt and General Secretary of The Inaugural Dandy Egypt Chapter Meeting)

Professor Kawase Receives Dandy 2013 Medal

Dandy Society President Saleem I. Abdulrauf presented Professor Takeshi Kawase with the Dandy 2013 Medal on the evening of Friday, June 28th, 2013 in Milan, Italy for his monumental contributions to Operative Neurosurgery.
Dandy Society President Saleem I. Abdulrauf presented Professor Takeshi Kawase with the Dandy 2013 Medal on the evening of Friday, June 28th, 2013 in Milan, Italy for his monumental contributions to Operative Neurosurgery.

With great pride we presented Professor Takeshi Kawase with the Dandy 2013 Medal in Milan, Italy on the evening of Friday, June 28th, 2013.

Professor Takeshi was given The medal during the Second Annual Meeting of The Dandy Society held in Milan, Italy. He was presented the medal for his monumental contributions to Operative Neurosurgery.

 

A Message From the President

Dear Colleagues,

A year ago, on November 19, 2011, a group of neurosurgical colleagues and friends gathered in my office. This included renowned leaders in our field from the academic and private practice arenas. We shared a simple goal, to honor the memory of Professor Walter E. Dandy, and to create a society in his name. Among the founding fathers of Neurosurgery, Professor Dandy was the most focused and dedicated to elucidating the technical and anatomic underpinnings of operative neurosurgery. His visionary work has led many to view him as arguably the first true “Master” in modern neurosurgery. It is therefore only fitting that this Society be dedicated to Operative Neurosurgery. Our original aim for the Society was modest, however due to interest from colleagues around the world, the Society has since become global and is honored to have members from over 70 countries around the world.

We also find it fitting that a society named in honor of Professor Walter E. Dandy has its Board of Directors composed of some of the most technically gifted Masters and educational leaders in our field today.

National societies in neurosurgery have excelled in looking after our field’s interests, and through their extensive advocacy efforts have ensured that neurosurgery has its well-deserved seat at the table of healthcare policy and decision making in their respective regions and countries. The World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) has similarly taken up the monumental task of addressing these important issues on the global stage. The WFNS represents neurosurgical societies, while the WEDNS represents individual neurosurgeons with regard to education and surgical expertise. The two societies serve global neurosurgery in a different yet complementary fashion.

The Society held its 1st annual meeting this year jointly with the Chinese Neurosurgical Society in Hangzhou, China. This highly successful meeting was attended by over 2,500 neurosurgeons. The 2012 Dandy medal was awarded to Professor Jizong Zhao of Beijing, China for his contributions to operative neurosurgery both regionally and globally.

The Society’s main hands-on training laboratory is based at its World Headquarters at Saint Louis University in the United States. The first Dandy continental-wide hands-on training laboratory outside of the US is being established in Shanghai, China and will be opened in the spring of 2013. Other similar labs with regional and continental-wide coverage are currently being developed.

Fellow of the Dandy College of Neurosurgery (FDCN) is a subspecialty-based Board Certification that will be the first of its kind in Neurosurgery. The Fellowship designation will be considered in: Cerebrovascular, Skull base, Trauma, Spine, Pediatrics, Functional, or Tumor. Candidacy for the Fellowship will require online reporting of 24 consecutive months of outcomes in the respective subspecialty. This would be followed by an oral board examination by senior leaders in the particular subspecialty. The first such board examinations are projected to take place in the fall of 2016. The American Board of Neurological Surgery (ABNS) has formally requested that the FDCN designation not be made available in the US. Out of respect for the historical contributions of the ABNS in the United States, the WEDNS has agreed and this specific program will not be available to neurosurgeons practicing in the US.

As part of its mission to be a global society, the WEDNS has developed an Ambassador Program in which two neurosurgeons from each nation will represent their country in the WEDNS Assembly. These Ambassadors will be appointed in consultation with the respective national societies. The Ambassadors will help promote the WEDNS’s mission in each of their respective nations and will provide valuable insight and perspective from their nation to the WEDNS leadership as well as to the broader WEDNS community.

Please visit our new website at www.wedns.org for information regarding upcoming meetings and courses. I look forward to seeing you at our 2nd annual meeting in Lake Lugano, Switzerland (July 10-14, 2013).

On behalf of the WEDNS officers, I would like to send our gratitude to our neurosurgical colleagues for establishing this Society as the Global Society for Operative Neurosurgery and for making it the fastest-growing neurosurgical society in the world today. We will do everything we can to live up to your expectations.

Sincerely,

Saleem I. Abdulrauf, MD, FACS
President
Walter E Dandy Neurosurgical Society